CancerCare Manitoba
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia


Most men notice that around age 50, they begin to experience some changes in their urinary functioning. This is caused by enlargement of the prostate gland which compresses the urethra, the tube which carries urine from the bladder to the outside. This is called benign (non cancerous) prostatic hyperplasia and is NOT cancer of the prostate.

Symptoms of prostate enlargement include:
  • A sudden urgent need to urinate (urgency)
  • An increase in the number of times you need to urinate during the day or night (frequency)
  • A weak stream when you pass urine
  • Not being able to urinate at all (retention)
  • Straining when urinating
  • Hesitation before the stream of urine begins to flow
  • Feeling that the bladder has not emptied completely
  • Dribbling or leakage of urine
  • Pain when urinating
  • Occasional blood in the urine (hematuria)